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Orange and neem oil are extremely effective as well. The former contains a compound called d-limonene and can readily kill termites when they are in contact. On the other hand, neem oil takes effect once ingested by the termites. Pour these oils or spray them affected areas repeatedly for best outcomes. .
All said and done, prevention is always better than cure. So heres what you can do to prevent the onset of termite infestation:
Ensure that your furniture is not exposed to moisture of any kindApply aloe vera gel on wooden furniture every now and then as it acts as a protective coveringInvest in a wood polish and employ a professional to employ it for your entire wooden furnitureRemove unwanted wooden items in your home as they are hotbeds for infestationGet occasional chemical treatment done by professionals if you reside in coastal cities.
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Termites are eusocial insects which are classified in the taxonomic rank of infraorder Isoptera, or as epifamily Termitoidae within the cockroach order Blattodea. Termites were once classified in a separate order from cockroaches, but recent phylogenetic studies indicate that they evolved from close ancestors of cockroaches during the Triassic.
About 3,106 species are currently described, with a few hundred more left to be described. Although these insects are often called"white ants", they are not ants. .
Like ants and some bees and wasps in the separate order Hymenoptera, termites split labour among castes consisting of sterile male and female"employees" and"soldiers". All colonies have fertile males called"kings" and one or more fertile females known as"queens". Termites mostly feed on dead plant material and cellulose, generally in the kind of wood, leaf litter, dirt, or animal dung.
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Termites are among the most prosperous groups of insects on Earth, colonising most landmasses except Antarctica. Their colonies range in size from a few hundred individuals to enormous societies using many million individuals. Termite queens have the longest lifespan of any insect in the world, with some queens reportedly living up to 30 to 50 decades.
Colonies are described as superorganisms because the termites form a part of a self-regulating entity: the colony itself. .
Termites are a delicacy in the diet of several human cultures and are used in many traditional medicines. Several hundred species are economically significant as pests which can cause considerable damage to buildings, crops, or plantation forests. Some species, such as visit homepage the West Indian drywood termite (Cryptotermes brevis), are regarded as invasive species. .
The infraorder name Isoptera comes from the Greek words iso (equal) and ptera (winged), which refers to the nearly equivalent size of their fore and hind wings.2"Termite" derives from the Latin and Late Latin term termes ("woodworm, white ant"), modified from the influence of Latin terere ("to rub, wear, erode") by the prior word tarmes.
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The external appearance of this giant northern termite Mastotermes darwiniensis is indicative of their intimate relationship between termites and cockroaches.
Termites were previously placed in the order Isoptera. As early as 1934 suggestions were made that they were closely related to wood-eating cockroaches (genus Cryptocercus, the woodroach) dependent on the similarity of their symbiotic gut flagellates.6 In the 1960s additional evidence supporting that theory appeared when F. A. McKittrick noted similar morphological traits between some termites and Cryptocercus nymphs.7 In 2008 DNA analysis from 16S rRNA sequences8 supported the position of termites being nested within the evolutionary tree containing the order Blattodea, which included that the cockroaches.910 The cockroach genus Cryptocercus stocks the strongest phylogenetical similarity with termites and is considered to be a sister-group to termites.1112 Termites and Cryptocercus share similar morphological and social features: for example, most cockroaches do not exhibit societal characteristics, but Cryptocercus takes care of its young and displays other societal behaviour like trophallaxis and allogrooming.13 Termites are thought to be the descendants of the genus Cryptocercus.914 Some investigators have suggested that a more conservative measure of retaining the termites since the Termitoidae, an epifamily within the cockroach order, which averts the classification of termites at family level and below.15 Termites have long been approved to be closely related to cockroaches and mantids, and they are categorized in the exact same superorder (Dictyoptera).1617.
The oldest unambiguous termite fossils date to the early Cretaceous, but given the diversity of Cretaceous termites and early fossil records showing mutualism between microorganisms and such insects, they likely originated before in the Jurassic or Triassic.181920 Further evidence of a Jurassic origin would be that the assumption that the extinct Fruitafossor consumed termites, judging from the morphological similarity to modern termite-eating mammals.21 The oldest termite nest discovered is believed to be from the Upper Cretaceous in West Texas, where the oldest known faecal pellets have been also discovered.22 Claims that termites emerged earlier have confronted controversy.